Women pay a lot of attention to skin care Various types and brands of skin care products, bottles and utensils shine. But female friends should pay attention to recognizing these skin care products, not only to learn to use them, but also to use them in a disciplined and caring way.
Why women have dark spots?
Some women have good skin from a distance, but when you come closer, you will find that there will be some “spots” on their faces. Why do women tend to have spots? How to lighten the spots. What to eat to lighten the spots?
Pigments are spots on the skin that differ from the surrounding skin tone. It is a common skin disease with brown or melanin on the face caused by the increase of skin melanin.
Pigmentation is a collective term for all skin spots, including chloasma, melanin spots, freckles, sunburn and many other types.It is usually seen on the cheeks and forehead and worsens after sunlight. It is more common in women.
Beware of chloasma
Melasma is a common pigmented skin disease that occurs on the face. Irregular menstruation, oral contraceptives, and excessive psychological stress may all induce chloasma.
Characteristics are: symmetrically distributed on the face, especially on the cheeks, forehead, nose, lips and chin; the plaques are brown, dark brown or light black, varying in size, different in shape, isolated, scattered or fused Formed into slices, with clear borders, generally butterfly-shaped. Melasma can occur in both men and women, but it is more common in women.
Reasons of dark spots
There are 2 factors:
- Internal factors
- External factors
When people are under pressure, they release adrenaline to prepare for stress If you are under prolonged stress, the body’s metabolism balance will be destroyed, the supply of nutrients needed by the skin will be slow and the chromoblast will be very active.
2. Hormone secretion imbalance
The female hormone estrogen contained in the contraceptive pill will stimulate the secretion of melanin cells to form uneven spots. The spots formed by the contraceptive pill will stop after the interruption of the medication, but still Will stay on the skin for a long time.
Due to the increase in the female hormone estrogen during pregnancy, spots are prone to appear from 4 to 5 months of pregnancy, and most of the spots that appear at this time will disappear after delivery.
However, abnormal metabolism, exposure of the skin to strong ultraviolet rays, mental stress and other reasons can deepen the spots.
Sometimes the newly grown spots will not disappear after childbirth, so you need to pay more attention. Spots that grow due to hormonal imbalance can be treated with some professional drugs, such as amino acid tablets, etc.
These are professional drugs that regulate spots from within, and have significant effects.
3. Slow metabolism
spots may also appear when the metabolism of the liver is abnormal or the ovarian function declines. Because metabolism is not smooth,or the endocrine disorders,the body is in a sensitive state,,which exacerbates the pigment problem.
Constipation can form spots, which is actually caused by endocrine disorders that lead to allergies.When body condition is not normal then ultraviolet radiation will also accelerate the formation of spots.
4. Wrong use of cosmetics
using cosmetics that are not suitable for one’s skin, causing skin allergies, if excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays during the treatment process, the skin will gather melanin pigment in the inflamed area in order to resist external aggressions. This will cause pigmentation problems.
1. Ultraviolet rays
When irradiated with ultraviolet rays, the human body will produce a lot of melanin pigment in the basal layer in order to protect the skin.Therefore,in order to protect of the skin,more pigments will accumulate in sensitive areas.
Frequent exposure to strong sunlight not only promotes skin aging, but also causes pigmentation skin diseases such as dark spots and freckles.
2. Poor cleaning habits
The skin becomes sensitive due to strong cleaning habits, which will irritate the skin by itself. When the skin is sensitive, in order to protect the skin, melanin cells will secrete a lot of melanin pigment. When the pigment is excessive, there will be spots, blemishes and other skin pigmentation problems.
How to get rid of dark spots on face?
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Last update on 2023-05-31 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
Classification and generation principle of 10 common spots
Spots are mainly divided into two types, active spots and qualitative spots. Active spots are caused by tyrosinase activity, which causes unstable nature and is easily interfered by external factors, such as ultraviolet rays, physical factors, etc.
The color changes in shades and can be removed. Common ones are: chloasma, sunburn, pregnancy Spots, dark spots. Qualitative spots are relatively stable and will not change due to external factors. They are manifested on the surface of the skin.
Once the original parts are removed, they will not grow again. Common ones are: genetic spots, freckles, age spots, pigmented nevus.
99% comes from genetics, which are formed between 5 and 6 years old. It is relatively common in Caucasians, but it is also common in Asians. The age of occurrence is usually before puberty. Light brown spots with a size of about 1 to 2 nm are produced on the parts exposed to the sun. The size, number and depth of pigments increase in summer and get better in winter.
Also known as butterfly spots and liver spots, they are light brown, flaky, with different sizes, clear borders, irregular shapes, not higher than the skin, common on the face, symmetrical on the cheeks, the main reason is endocrine, female hormones Disorder related.
As the name suggests, it is caused by exposure to the sun, so it is common for middle-aged people in their 40s and 50s, both males and females, but some people have grown up in their 20s and 30s. Clinically, sunburn is a brownish-black spot with a distinct state. The most common sites are the face, hands, back, chest and upper and lower limbs, but the wounds on the face are larger and more pronounced.
4. Age spots
The scientific name is seborrheic keratosis. After middle age, it may occur not only in the sun exposure areas (face, hands, calves), but even on the scalp, back, chest and abdomen, but the number is related to personal physique.Those who have more sun exposure are more likely to produce it.
5. Pregnancy spots
It appears during pregnancy, but will go away after childbirth; because the time when the dark spots are formed is very close to the age when they are pregnant, some people will have dark spots at the same time as the pregnancy spots, so some people will mistakenly think that after pregnancy and childbirth The result is pregnancy spots.
6. Mercury spots
Some people have dark spots on their skin and do not know how to protect them. According to hearsay, they use some products that can turn white, but these products have not been tested to see if they contain mercury.
Although it can temporarily whiten the skin, the residual mercury and toxins It will cause more damage to the skin and even damage the kidneys. Some unscrupulous manufacturers will add mercury to the whitening cream, and the bleaching effect will be obvious in a short time.
However, if used for a long time, the mercury element will precipitate in the skin, which will turn black and become darker, which is commonly known as “mercury spots”.
7. sweat spots
Sweat spots are quite common diseases, especially in summer.In the dermatology clinics,some are the patients often think that all skin rashes caused by sweat are called sweat spots. In fact, this is incorrect.
Sweat spots are indeed more likely to occur on sweat pools, such as the neck, chest, and back, but it specifically refers to a rash caused by a yeast-like mold infecting the skin. Typical sweat spots are manifested as raindrop-like white or brown spots.
If you are sweat or get hot,sometimes affected part will suddenly become red or itchy, which is its characteristic.
Melanin is produced by melanocytes located in the basal cell layer between the epidermis and dermis of the skin.
9. Dark spots
It is more obvious for people with thinner and drier skin. It may be caused by negligence of maintenance and incomplete sun protection work, which makes melanin easy to float to the surface of the skin.
This is the most common beauty problem for middle-aged women (males can also produce black Spot but rare).
Usually, a whole ocher-brown spot is produced on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip and chin. It is also commonly called liver spot because of the color. The causes and worsening factors include: pregnancy, oral contraceptives, certain drugs (such as anti-epileptics), and sun exposure.
Once most people are born, it is difficult for them to fade naturally. Current conditioning methods, including vitamin A acid, rhododendron acid, hydroquinone, fruit acid, L-vitamin C, kojic acid, etc., combined with thorough sun protection measures, can get quite good therapeutic effects.
10. Black spots
Irregular dark-brown pigment spots occur on the face, eye sockets and around the lips. They are common in middle-aged women.The brown spots are become thicker when they are overworked or menstrual. They are also often produced when women are pregnant for 2 to 3 months. Pregnancy spots, it will disappear naturally after one to two months of childbirth.